Armenian Gata Recipe

This is a customary sweet bread that is usually served at festive events like weddings and birthdays. This recipe can bake you a large loaf.


  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup warm milk
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 envelope active dry yeast
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1 tsp cardamom powder
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract
  • 1 egg yolk, for brushing
  • Sesame seeds, for garnish (optional)


  1. In a small bowl, dissolve the yeast in 1/4 cup warm milk and set aside for 5 minutes.
  2. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, sugar, and salt. Mix well.
  3. Add the butter, eggs, cardamom powder, vanilla extract, and the yeast mixture to the bowl. Mix until a soft dough forms.
  4. Knead the dough on a floured surface for 8-10 minutes until smooth and elastic.
  5. Place the dough in a greased bowl, cover with a clean towel, and set aside in a warm place to rise for 1 hour.
  6. Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C).
  7. Punch down the dough and shape it into a large loaf. Place the loaf on a greased baking sheet.
  8. Brush the top of the loaf with the egg yolk and sprinkle with sesame seeds, if desired.
  9. Bake the loaf in the preheated oven for 40-45 minutes, or until the bread is golden brown and sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom.
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